Gilan is the greenest region of Iran with abundant forests and high rainfall between the Alborz Mountains and the Caspian Sea. It has a special geographical location.
Aside from the varied and yummy foods in Gilan, this province is highly rich in traditions and cultural activities with lots of historical backgrounds that have left historical Heritages to marvel at. Above all this region with its mild and fresh climate is full of natural surprises; Flowing waterfalls and rivers, lush forests, amazing wildlife, and lots of green mountains to climb and enjoy the marvelous beauty of mother nature.This province even is so popular among Iranians. It’s not such a long distance from Tehran, making it a great destination for many Tehrani people to pay a visit and refresh whenever they have some days off. So together let’s take a look at the amazing things you can do, eat and enjoy while your stay in this amazing province, Gilan.
1.Masuleh Village and Its Stepped Houses
The city of Masoleh is located in the southwest of Gilan province and 60 km away from Rasht city. Masuleh is one of the famous sights of Fuman and a traditional and old city that looks more like a painting or a postcard despite the yellow houses in the green background of the forest and colorful mountains in a foggy world. Masuleh is one of the few cities without motorized vehicles in the world, which has made it impossible for any vehicles to travel with narrow garden alleys and steps.
2.Qal’eh Rudkhan (Rudkhan Castle)
Rudkhan Castle, Gilan, is one of the most important historical and military fortresses in Iran, which is located in Fuman city and among the forest trees. This strong and impregnable castle has gone through many ups and downs throughout its history. And it is now considered one of Gilan’s most important sights, attracting many tourists.
Anzali Lagoon, Gilan, or “Anzali Sal” in Gilaki language, is one of the most beautiful and important natural freshwater wetlands in the country in the southwest of Bandar Anzali city and the Caspian Sea. It is one of the most popular nature tourism destinations in Gilan province. Water lilies, reeds and sea tulips create an amazing view in the lagoon that you will never get enough of. Boating, fishing, and bird watching are some of the most popular activities that you can experience in this area.
Around the tomb of Agha Seyed Sharif near Shaft city, there are many lakes and many natural attractions that have pristine and exciting nature. Saqalaksar earthen dam has created the biggest lake in this region.
This unique lake is in a forest area, surrounded by a lot of oak trees. With an area of 15 hectares, it is 600 meters long and 500 meters wide and attracts tourists from far and near. The height of Saqalaksar lake is 64 meters above sea level and its water is supplied from atmospheric falls and springs in the region.
5.Boujagh National Park
Bojag National Park (Boujag Lagoon) is one of the protected areas in Kiasher port, Gilan province. This area is the only land-sea park. This park has an area of 3260 hectares. Many birds and animals live in this area.
There are lots of cattle and horses in the park that double the charm of the place. This park is where the Sefidrud River joins the Caspian Sea.
The city of Chaf and Chamkhale in Langrod County is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Gilan province. It is known as the second tourism hub of the province after Bandar-e Anzali. Chamkhale Beach is equipped with all kinds of amenities and entertainment; A beautiful and unique beach that creates unforgettable memories for you from your trip to the north of the country. This beach was chosen as the best beach in Gilan province in 2013. Additionally, its activities include picnics, photography, water sports, and swimming.
Milash waterfall is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the north of the country in the village of Milash in the pristine and very beautiful area of Eshkevarat. From Milash village to the waterfall is about a 20-minute walk. It is, for sure, a very dreamy route. It’s where you can hear the voice of nature. The route is very pleasant passing through the hazelnut gardens and the meadows of Echium flowers, with a beautiful view of Samamos Peak.
8.Heyran Pass or Gardaneh-ye Heyran
Among all the scenic areas of Gilan province, Hiran Pass is one of the busiest routes. It has great strategic and tourism importance for the residents of this northern province of the country. Heyran Road is one of the sightseeing places in Astara. This pass is located on the communication route between Astara and Ardabil.
It may be interesting for you to know that Heyran literally means “the area surrounded by clouds and fog” and its root comes from Taleshi language; Just like its name, the road is covered with clouds and fog in most seasons of the year. Moreover, it is surrounded by forest on one side and overlooks a relatively deep valley on the other side. Therefore, it has a special geographical location. Fabulously, the Aras River also passes through the valley next to it and is considered the border between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Azerbaijan.
In the vicinity of the Spinas mountain and in the middle of a dense forest with lush plants, trees such as plums, peaches, pears, walnuts, hazelnuts, and wild apples, there is a high and spectacular waterfall. You can see the Laton Waterfall from a distance of 500 meters.
This four-season and beautiful waterfall is one of the 30 tallest waterfalls in the world and is known as one of the tallest waterfalls in Iran. The height of the main and upper catchment of Laton waterfall is 105 meters and its width is five meters. Also, the lower catchment is 65 meters with a width of 10 meters. So totally its height reaches 107 meters.
Subatan is one of the famous places of Talesh and is located in the northwest of the city. This village is covered with meadows and flowers and is full of fresh-water springs. And lots of cattle and horses that go around all the time. The old huts with their wooden windows have created a unique view that the idea of such a pristine area in Iran may be far from the mind. A village where there is no electricity pylon, mobile phone antennas, and noise pollution.
Subatan is located at an altitude of 1900 to 2500 meters above sea level; For this reason, it has very cold winters, and even in summers, there are still patches of snow in some high places. This village is also famous for its anemone plains. And finally, It is only 21 km away from Neor Lake.
The road from Islam to Khalkhal consists of different sections. If you start this route from the city of Asalem, you will first encounter a road covered with forest trees, which is a very winding but beautiful route. After driving for about an hour, the surrounding scenery will change to green plains and you will have a wide range of views.
The nature of this road is very pristine and beautiful, and if you plan to go through this route, it is better to spend some time resting and walking in its forests. The Caspian Sea is close, that’s why there is always humidity and fog on the road which of course, gives it a very stunning charm.
Gisum Forest Park in Gilan province, with a bed consisting of forest and sea beauties, is an ideal destination for travelers to the north of our country.
Gisum recreation area is not just a forest area; Because next to it, there is a pristine beach where you can sit and watch the sea and its beauty for hours. The combination of the forest and the sea together, each containing a world of glory, makes the Gisum region one of the most attractive and main tourist destinations.Shahrdari Square (Municipality Square)
13.Shahrdari Square (Municipality Square)
Rasht Municipality Square was built at the beginning of Reza Pahlavi’s reign (1925-1941). It includes a collection of the Municipality Palace, Post Museum, and the old Iran Hotel building. The municipality mansion and its clock tower are the symbols of Rasht city. This building was damaged during the terrible and devastating Manjil earthquake in 1990 and was restored to its original form shortly after by Robert Vahanian.
Lahijan is one of the cities of Gilan province that has a long history and is located on the access road to Siahkal and Langrud. Lahijan, which is known as the city of tea, contains many attractions of Gilan.
The nature of this city is not limited to wetlands, mountains, and forest roads. Golshan Historical Bath, Kashif Al-Saltanah Tomb and Tea Museum, Amirkalayeh International Wetland, Sustan Wetland, and lush tea and rice fields are other attractions of this city.
Gilani Dance (Qasemabadi)
Ghasemabadi dance is one of the traditional dances in Iran. This dance has been performed by women or men from the past until now. It has spread from the east of Gilan to other parts of the province and some neighboring provinces. It remains among the people of these areas. What is known today as Ghasemabadi dance is a dance for Gilak women, from Ghasem Abad village, with beautiful colorful clothes inspired by the colors of the beautiful nature of the province. People often dance with a combination of happy local songs and music of Gilaki and Ghasemabadi. Women wear the local dress of Ghasem Abad village, which includes a hedge belt in different colors, a shirt that extends almost to the waist, a vest, a long scarf (including two parts of the headband and a hand-woven lace scarf), and with movements and rotations of the skirt. They double the beauty of this dance. The use of colors in their clothes is different for single and married people.
Ghasemabadi dance is closely related to the environment and the type of livelihood activities of Gilan women. This dance is one of the types of movements that the natives of Gilan perform at the beginning of the cultivation season to praise and thank their Lord in the celebration such as local harvests and weddings in most villages. The dance is performed in three stages as a symbol of planting, caring, and harvesting crops in the north of Iran. The dancers begin the dance by praying to the Lord to thank them for the opportunity to cultivate. After the praying, the “planting” section is performed with rapid movements and rotations in a large circle. The second stage, the “had” stage, continues with slower rotations in a small circle. Dancers in the “harvest” stage, which symbolizes the separation of the grain from the stem and husk of the rice, continue to dance in circles which is smaller than the second stage, almost fixed at one point. Some people also use narrow waist cups between their fingers and stir them with a specific skill to give the sound of their encounter with local music, a special vibrancy to the dance and thus adjust the rhythm of the dancer.
Gilan folk songs can usually be divided into several groups: heroic, epic, descriptive, romantic, childish and lullaby, religious, and Nowruz singing, which are songs that are accompanied by local dance. Today, most of Gilan’s local dances are mostly referred to as Gilan’s local traditions and rituals.